Tackling Big Miles on Dirt: Gravel Grinder Preparation
Gravel Grinders by definition are meant to be tough. The long miles, big days in the saddle, and often-brutal terrain can break down even the most seasoned rider.
There’s no denying the allure of these big days for the die-hard endurance junkie. They push the physical and mental boundaries of every participant, and if you’re lucky enough to finish you always come back wanting more. So, what do you need to do to prepare if this sounds like fun to you? The training for a gravel race should be approached differently than your typical road century or gran fondo. These are the things you should keep in mind to get grinder ready in 3 months.
The first step, which should come as no surprise, is that you need to ride big miles.
Substantial time in the saddle is the first and most important step in your preparation. Allow for 4-6 weeks where you’ll gradually build up your overall volume. The focus during this segment should not be on speed, but time on your bike. The goal during this time period is to be comfortable with 6-8 hour rides over varied terrain. It’s also a good idea to stack consecutive long days to mimic the wear and tear that the race itself will offer up.
I like to recommend using these rides as an opportunity to dial in your gear as well as your nutrition strategy. Figure out what works in terms of tire selection, carrying nutrition, and gear selection. One of the most important things you can do during these long endurance rides is to develop a nutrition strategy that works for you. Mastering how much water should you take in, carbohydrates, protein, etc. should all be done during training so there’s no guess work come race day. Often overlooked, but just as important, is the mental component of gravel races. Use the long hours on the bike to become mentally tough. This will help you tremendously when the miles start to blur together after 10+ hours on the bike.
After you’ve built up a substantial base, and you feel comfortable with long rides and back-to-back efforts it’s time to start to integrate some speed work.
Your aerobic and anaerobic systems work in concert on these long rides to provide the necessary endurance, as well as the strength and power to climb, sprint, and battle the wind. At the completion of your Base Period dedicate 2-3 weeks to focusing on integrating speed work into your training. Continue to keep the overall volume high, but instead of riding at endurance pace for the duration include some sprints and long climbs throughout your ride. Incorporate shorter max effort sprints of up to 1-minute as well as longer “sub-threshold” efforts lasting 5-15 minutes.
It’s during this phase that some dedicated workouts on a stationary trainer can be beneficial. These focused efforts allow you to hone in on specific areas and keep your volume and duration goals on track. Specificity is key here, as you’ll want to integrate components of your goal race into your training. If your course consists of a lot of climbing then perform long and short hill repeats and lots of elevation gain on your long rides. If it’s a course with rolling terrain and short “punchy” climbs then sprints and interval training will prepare you best.
This period is meant to bring all of the pieces together and culminate in race day preparedness.
Approximately 3 weeks out from your goal race you’ll want to begin your taper.
Gradually decrease the intensity and duration of your workouts. I still recommend including a few dedicated speed and strength workouts, but they should be treated as maintenance rides. The goal in these final weeks is to maintain your fitness and prepare your body for the main event. A 2-week taper is usually sufficient in shedding residual training stress, while not allowing your fitness to decrease at to rapid a rate.
The week leading up to your event should be easy. A few easy endurance rides of 1-2 hours, along with stretching, foam rolling, proper nutrition and hydration should be the course of action. Don’t try to squeeze in any more workouts. Feel confident that the work has been done, and that you’re ready and able to tackle your grinder.
The day before your event it’s a good idea to do a short ride lasting 45 minutes to an hour and a half with some high cadence drills and short bursts. This type of ride will help to flush any lactic acid build up from your down week, and get your body primed and ready to go.
The Gravel Grinder, while an intimidating event, is something that can be obtainable and approachable for most riders. Keeping your training on track is key to properly preparing for these big events.
Take the appropriate amount of time to log long days in the saddle, and then move to more specific workouts.
Don’t forget to focus on the details. Gear selection, hydration, nutrition, and mental preparation are as big apart of your training as the actual rides. Remember to think critically about the specific details of your event, and incorporate components of your race into your training.
Go ahead and let yourself fall victim to the allure of the gravel, you can be race ready in 3 months!
Gravel Grinder Calendar
Click here for Gran Fondo Guide's comprehensive, detailed and up to date 2017 U.S. Gravel Grinder Calendar.